New publication: Challenges and opportunities for REDD+: A reality check from perspectives of effectiveness, efficiency and equity
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Authors: Maya Pasgaard (a), Zhanli Sun (b), Daniel Müller (c) & Ole Mertz (a).
(a) Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen
(b) Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO)
(c) Integrated Research Institute on Transformations of Human-Environment Systems (IRI THESys), Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) is a promising mechanism of payments for ecosystem services with the aim to effectively reduce emissions in an efficient and equitable manner. REDD+ is part of the Paris-agreement reached at the UNFCCC COP21 in December 2015, but questions on whether REDD+ will work and bring multi-benefits are still hotly debated. Moreover, the results and messages from research on REDD+ in different regions are mixed, context-based and fragmented. Here, we employ a survey among REDD+ stakeholders, researchers, and consultants to evaluate the opportunities and challenges of REDD+ for achieving effective, efficient and equitable outcomes and co-benefits (3E+). We substantiate our survey results with a literature review. Results suggest that the challenges in achieving the 3E+ relate to the disproportionality between deforestation drivers and mitigation measures, diverging perceptions of equity among REDD+ stakeholders, complexity of property rights, and fragile willingness of stakeholders to engage in REDD+. If these challenges can be successfully addressed by the involved stakeholder groups, they can be turned into opportunities for realizing REDD+.
Find the full article at ScienceDirect.